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Effects of a Hydrotherapy on Flexibility and Muscular Strength in Elderly Men

Yaser Alikhajeh1, Amir Shahriyar Ariamanesh2*, Nasser Mohamad Rahimi3, Kazem Noroozi3

1- Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
2- Mashhad Medical University, Mashhad, Iran
3- Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
* Corresponding Author

Introduction: We designed this study to evaluate the effect of a hydrotherapy program on flexibility and muscle strength among sedentary elderly men.

Materials and methods: The participants were 28 healthy sedentary elderly men aged between 64 and 84 years (14 in the experimental group and 14 in the control group). Muscle strength before and after the program was assessed by means of 30-Second Chair stand and Flexibility assessed by means of chair sit–and–reach test. The program consisted of 36 one-hour sessions over a consecutive 12-week period. The physical exercises were organized in seven levels of difficulty that were selected to obtain gains in flexibility and muscle strength. Therefore, there were between and within group analyses using independent t-test.

Results: Hydrotherapy promoted significant increases in the elderly men's muscle strength, as assessed using the test30- Second Chair stand (p< 0.001) and the chair sit – and – reach test (p< 0.001).

Conclusion: The proposed hydrotherapy program was efficient in improving flexibility and partially effective in improving muscle strength among the early elderly women who took part in the study. Our results are compatible with the findings from similar studies carried out on the ground.

Keywords: Hydrotherapy, Elderly men, Aquatic exercises, Flexibility, Muscle strength